Showing posts with label Education. Show all posts
Showing posts with label Education. Show all posts

Thursday, 27 June 2019

Top 15 Most Speaking Language In Nigeria

Language is what distinguished Human being and Animal.

There is nearly nothing human beings can do without the function of one form of language or the other.

It is quite interesting to know that among the 6500 spoken languages in the world, Nigeria takes the 3 position in the list of countries that have the most spoken languages.

This invariably shows that Nigeria is not only rich in human and natural resources but also in the varieties of human languages.

The country is said to have 560 spoken Nigerian languages after Indonesia and Papua NewGuinea which has 742 and 820 human languages respectively.

Some linguists who disagreed with that fact state that most of these languages are either extinct or just dialects of some of the major languages.

Among these spoken Nigerian languages include Ajawa, Auyokawa, Basa- Gumna, Gamo-Ningi, Holma, Kpati, Kubi, Mawa, and Teshenawa.

English is Nigeria’s official language; however, Nigeria’s large population is said to be responsible for its linguistic diversity which involves three major African language families:

Afroasiatic, Nilo-Saharan, and Niger-Congo. Here is a list of the most widely spoken Nigerian Languages.

1. Hausa This is a branch of the Afroasiatic language family) with the largest number of speakers, spoken as a first language by about 35 million people from Sokoto, Kaduna, Katsina, Kano, Bauchi, Jigawa, Zamfara, Kebbi, and Gombe states and as a second language by 15 million in Nigeria, and millions more in other countries, for a total of at least 50 million speakers.

Hausa is a tone language, a classification in which pitch differences add as much to the meaning of a word as do consonants and vowels.

Despite the basic uniformity of Hausa wherever it is spoken, one can identify a number of dialects areas, they are the Eastern Hausa (also known as “Guddiri” Hausa), Western Hausa, the Northern Hausa, the Kano Hausa, Southern Hausa, the Ghanaian

Hausa and the Non-native Hausa. But above all, the Kano Hausa dialect of Eastern Hausa is considered to be the standard Hausa dialect and is the form upon which written Hausa is based.

2. Igbo

This is the native language spoken by about 24 million people from Abia, Anambra, Ebonyi, Enugu and Imo states. It is also spoken in some parts of Akwa Ibom (Ika LGA), Delta (Oshimili, Aniocha, and Ndokwa LGAs) and Rivers States (Ikwerre, Bonny, and Ahoada LGAs) all in Nigeria.

The Igbo language belongs to the Niger- Congo language family. It is part of the Kwa subfamily.

A complicated system of high and low tones indicates differences in meaning and grammatical relationships. Igbo have a number of dialects, distinguished by accent or orthography but almost universally mutually intelligible, they include the Idemili Igbo dialect, Bende, Owerri, Ngwa, Umuahia, Nnewi, Onitsha, Awka, Abriba, Arochukwu, Nsukka, Mbaise, Ohafia, Wawa and Okigwe, Ukwa/Ndoki.

3.Yoruba

Yoruba is the language spoken by a set of people in Western Africa.

Its native name is Ede Yoruba’, that is the Yoruba language.

The language has its origins in the Yoruba people, who are believed to be descendants of Oduduwa, the son of a powerful god called Oludumare.

It is a language spoken by an estimated 20 million people primarily in southwestern Nigeria, Benin, and Togo. Like the above mentioned languages, Yoruba people, the language also has various dialects which can be categorized into 3 namely the North-West Yoruba (Yoruba speakers from Lagos,Ibadan, Oyo, Abeokuta and Osun), Central Yoruba (Ife, Igbomina, Ekiti and Akure) and South-East Yoruba (Ondo, Owo and parts of Ijebu).

4. Fulfulde

The Fula or Fula, Fulani, Fulatanchi is a language of West Africa, spoken by the Fula people also known as the Fulbe or Peuls from Senegal to Cameroon and Sudan.

It belongs to the Atlantic branch of the Niger-Congo language family.

The Hausa call them the Fulani, while the Wolof use Peul and the Mandinka Fula.

The Fula call themselves Fulbe (plural), Pullo (singular).

Speakers of western dialects call their language Pulaar or Poular, while eastern dialects use Fulfulde.

There are at least five major dialects: Futa Toro, Futa Jallon, and Masina in the west and Central Nigeria. The year 2000 population report said that an estimated number of 11,585,000 Fulfulde are scattered in states like Sokoto, Adamawa, Kano, Jos, Katsina, Maiduguri and part of Bauchi state.

5. Nupe Linguists suggest that Nupe language belongs to a branch (Nupoid) of the Benue- Congo group of languages.

Other languages in the group are Igbira (Ebira), Gbagyi (Gbari), Gade, and Kakanda .

Today, there is no tentative figure on the number of speakers of this language but they are predominantly found in Niger, Kwara, Kogi States, and Abuja (FCT).

6. Kanuri

This is a language spoken by over 3 million in Nigerians, about 500,000 Nigerien, 100,000 Chadians, and 60,000 Cameroonians.

Kanuri is unrelated to Hausa which is the most commonly spoken language in northern Nigeria.

The Kanuri language has the largest number of speakers of the Central Saharan Language Family which has speakers from northern Nigeria to Central Sudan. The speakers are mainly located in Borno, Yobe and Jigawa States.

7. Ijaw

The Ijaw language consists of nine closely related Niger-Congo languages, all of which belong to the Ijoid branch of the Niger-Congo tree.

Approximately 2 million people speak Izon which belongs to the Eastern Ijo division of the language. The second most prominent sub- language, Kalabari belongs to the Western

8. Urhobo

This is one of the Edoid languages that is largely spoken by the major ethnic group in Delta state of southern Nigeria.

The Urhobo language has from time immemorial, suffered dialect variations following the breakout of some of its clans and kingdoms. Today, Urhobo language has more than 10 subdialects namely: Orogun, Udu, Agbarha, Ofoni, Ughievwien, and even Isoko among others.

Though it is a language of one set of people, most Nigerians learn it as a slang. It is presently estimated that about 1 Million people or more speak Urhobo in Nigeria.

8. Efik

This is the first African language in Print in Africa beginning in 1862. Efik is the native language of the Efik people of Nigeria, where it is a national language.

It is the official language of Cross River State.

Compared to neighbouring languages around the South Eastern coast of Nigeria, the Efik language is blessed with language contact.

Its early contact with the slave traders and later with Christian missionaries paved way for the Language’s development. It is, in fact, the first Nigerian language that was reduced to writing.

It is the first or second language of most Cross River indigene.

The language Efik can also be understood by the Ibibio speaking people of Akwa Ibom state

9. Edo

The Edo language is a Volta–Niger language spoken primarily in Edo State.

It is the primary language of the Edo people of Igodomigodo.

A language is mainly spoken by at least 1 million people in Edo State.

It is said that the Edoid language invariably the Bini language belongs to the most wide-spread of the five great language families of Africa.

Years back, there was a rising alarm about how the language is going extinct as a result of the decline in the Edo speaking homes.

11. Tiv

This is part of the Southern Bantoid Tivoid family, a branch of Benue–Congo and ultimately of the Niger-Congo family.spoken by over 2 million people in Nigeria concentrated mainly in Benue State (Makurdi, Gwer, Gboko Kwande, Vandeikya, and Katsina-Ala LGAs). It is also widely spoken in Plateau State (Lafia LGA) and Taraba State (Bali, Takum, and Wukari LGAs).

12. Ibibio

The Ibibio language is said to probably be the most ancient of all the semi Bantu languages.

This language which was once regarded a dialect of what is called the Efik- Ibibio language has developed and spread quite much to have its own sub-dialects and variations. The Ibibio share similarities with the Annang, Efik, Ekid, Oron, and Ibeno in terms of culture and language

13. Igala

It’s really interesting to know how the Igala speaking group of Kogi state boast of a population size of more than two million. The Igala language belongs to the Yoruboid branch of the Defoid languages (a constituent of the Benue Congo languages). It falls under a group with Yoruba and Itsekiri languages. Igala is spoken far beyond her political boundaries of the eastern part of Kogi State (Idoma, Nsukka), western Igbo (Lokoja, Etsako, Ebu, Asaba etc Igala dialects include Ebu, Idah, Ankpa, Dekina, Ogugu, and Ibaji.

14. Ebira

Ebira language from the Nupoid group (also called Niger-Kaduna) of languages including Nupe, Gwari, and Gade.

It also said to have about one million speakers all over Nigeria and they are spoken in the area north and west of the confluence of the Niger and Benue rivers.

15. Itsekiri

The Itsekiri is a branch of the Yoruboid family language of the Benue-Congo branch of Niger- Congo languages.

It is related to the south- eastern and Ilaje Yoruba dialects and to the Igala. The language has been under the influence of the Bini , Portuguese and English languages due to centuries of interaction with people from those nations. However, it is widely spoken by over one million people.

Other Nigerian Languages include
: Isoko, Anaang, Jju, Eggon, Mangas, Bokobaru, Ehueun, Gun-gbe, Ejagham, Ekajuk, Boko, Gbari, Gera, Ibino, Ibilo, Iceve Maci, Idere, Ibuoro,Marticentral, Jorto, Kaan, Kadara, Jukun of Takum, Kaningkon- Nidem, Kanufi, Kanuri Manga, Lemoro, Limbum,Lokaa, Longda,Marghi South, Mashi, Mawa, Ukue, Ulukwumi, Ukwa and so many others.

Languages present the identity of our complex world. The ability to speak one’s language is another important thing in the life of any individual and for other people who are not one’s tribespersons, it is an interesting experience.

Best engineering Course In nigeria University

Studying Engineering in the university opens you up to a myriad of opportunities post-graduation.

However, there are loads of Engineering courses offered in the university.

Engineering is one of the reputable courses you can study in most Nigerian university.

However, there are several engineering courses to choose from.

Best Engineering Courses in Nigeria & Requirements

In this post, we have highlighted the best engineering courses in Nigeria and its requirements.

But first, let’s take a look at the full list of Engineering courses in Nigeria:

1. Production Engineering
2. Agricultural and Bio-Resources Engineering
3. Food Science and Engineering
4. Project Management Technology
5. Food Technology
6. Gas Engineering
7. Software Engineering
8. Biomedical Engineering
9. Chemical / Petrochemical Engineering
10. Systems Engineering
11. Civil Engineering
12. Transportation and Management Technology
13. Civil Engineering/Hydrology
14. Computer Engineering
15. ICT Engineering
16. Urban and Regional Planning
17. Irrigation Engineering
18. Water Resources and Environmental Engineering
19. Industrial Design
20. Computer and Information Science
21. Industrial Production and Engineering
22. Communication Technology
23. Information Technology
24. Marine Engineering
25. Communication and Multimedia Design
26. Maritime Management Technology
27. Materials and Production Engineering
28. Electrical Engineering,
29. Mechanical Engineering
30. Electronics Engineering
31. Mechatronics Engineering
32. Electrical/Electronics/Computer Engineering
33. Mechanical and Production Engineering
34. Electrical/Electronic Engineering
35. Metallurgical & Material Engineering
36. Environmental Management
37. Metallurgical Engineering
38. Environmental Engineering
39. Environmental Technology
40. Mining Engineering
41. Environmental Management Technology
42. Naval architecture
43. Petroleum Engineering

Specifically, we have highlighted the top 5 engineering courses in the country based on the marketability post graduation.

1. Mechanical Engineering

Mechanical engineering is a branch of engineering that applies physics, material science principles as well as engineering to design, analyze, manufacture, and maintainmechanical systems.

This course is one of the oldest and broadest of the engineering disciplines.

After your undergraduate study, you can decide to further your studies abroad on a scholarship.

You can apply through the PTDF Overseas Scholarship in order to earn a scholarship.

2. Computer Engineering

Computer engineering is a discipline that integrates several fields of computer science and electronics engineering required to develop computer hardware and software.

Graduates of this discipline are trained in electronic engineering (or electrical engineering), software design, and hardware–software integration instead of only software engineering or electronic engineering.

All You Need To Know They are also involved in many hardware and software aspects of computing, from the design of individual microcontrollers, microprocessors, personal computers, and supercomputers, to circuit design.

Apart from the focus of computer engineering on how computer systems themselves work, but also how they integrate into the larger picture.

3. Software Engineering

Software engineering is one of the most lucrative engineering courses in Nigeria has become one of the most important courses in the tech field.

This branch of engineering is a systematic application of scientific and technological knowledge, methods, and experience to the design, implementation, testing, and documentation of software.

Simply put, Software engineering discipline that is concerned with all aspects of software production.

It is the application of engineering to the development of software in a systematic method.

4. Electrical/Electronic Engineering

Electrical engineering deals with the study and application of electricity, electronics, and electromagnetism.

This branch of Engineering has now subdivided into a wide range of subfields including electronics, digital computers, computer engineering, power engineering, telecommunications, control systems, radio-frequency engineering, signal processing,instrumentation, and microelectronics.

Many of these subdisciplines overlap with other engineering branches, spanning a huge number of specializations such as hardware engineering, power electronics, electromagnetics & waves, microwave engineering, nanotechnology, electrochemistry, renewable energies, mechatronics, electrical materials science, and much more. See glossary of electricaland electronics engineering.

Electrical engineers typically hold a degree in electrical engineering or electronic engineering. Practicing engineers may have professional certification and be members of a professional body. Such bodies include the Institute of Electrical and Electronics Engineers (IEEE) and the Institution of Engineering and Technology (IET) (formerly the IEE).

Electrical engineers work in a very wide range of industries and the skills required are likewise variable.

These range from basic circuit theory to the management skills required of a project manager. The tools and equipment that an individual engineer may need are similarly variable, ranging from a simple voltmeter to a top end analyzer to sophisticated design and manufacturing software.

5. Civil Engineering

Civil engineering is a professional engineering discipline that deals with the design, construction, and maintenance of the physical and naturally built environment, including works such as residences, institutional buildings, roads, bridges, canals, dams, airports, sewerage systems, pipelines, and railways.

This discipline is traditionally broken into a number of sub-disciplines. It is considered the second-oldest engineering discipline after military engineering and it is defined to distinguish non-military engineering from military engineering.

Civil engineering takes place in the public sector from municipal through to national governments, and in the private sector from individual homeowners through to international companies.

Some of the universities in the country that offer these courses are highlighted below

:

1. Abia State University

2. Adeleke University, Ede

3. Afe Babalola University Ado Ekiti

4. Ahmadu Bello University

5. Akwa Ibom State University

6. Ambrose Alli University

7. Bauchi State University

8. Bayero University, Kano

9. Baze University

10. Bells University

11. Bells University

12. Benson Idahosa University

13. Benue State University, Makurdi

14. Caritas University

15. Chukwuemeka Odumegwu Ojukwu University

16. Covenant University

17. Cross River University of Technology

18. Delta State University

19. Ekiti State University

20. Elizade University

21. Federal University of Agriculture, Ado Ekiti

22. Federal University of Petroleum Resources, Effurun, Delta State

23. Federal University of Technology, Agriculture

24. Federal University of Technology, Minna

25. Federal University of Technology, Owerri

26. Federal University, Ndufu

27. Federal University, Otuoke

28. Federal University, Oye-Ekiti

29. Gregory University

30. Igbinedion University

31. Imo State University

32. Kano University of Science and Technology

33. Kebbi State University of Science and Technology

34. Kwara State University

35. Ladoke Akintola University of Technology

36. Lagos State Unive

37. Lagos State University

38. Landmark University

39. Madonna University

40. Michael Okpara University of Agriculture

41. Modibbo Adama University of Technology

42. Niger Delta University

43. Nigerian Defence Academy

44. Nnamdi Azikiwe University

45. Obafemi Awolowo University

46. Olabisi Onabanjo University

47. Ondo State University of Science and Technology

48. Osun State University

49. Rivers State University of Science and Technology

50. Taraba State University, Jalingo

51. University of Abuja

52. University of Benin

53. University of Ibadan

54. University of Ilorin

55. University of Jos

56. University of Lagos

57. University of Maiduguri

58. University of Nigeria, Nsukka

59. University of Uyo

60. Usmanu Danfodiyo University

Top 6 Difficult Course To Study in nigeria

To 6 Most Difficult Courses To Study in Nigeria

In the abstract, it is important to note that there is no such thing as an easy course in the higher institutions even as we consider this article on most difficult courses.

Some courses, however,seem more challenging than others.

This is however not a call for those wishing to study the courses listed below to be frazzled about them because they are also interesting.

The ideal thing to do is to be dedicated and hardworking, that is the much it will take to get there.

The key thing to carry into any difficult course is a passion for learning and the zeal to see the end of your hard work.

Someone who lacks passion is more susceptible to burnout and someone who is not zealous or resilient might just give up halfway to the finish line...

There is nothing more painful than unrealized potential both for the person in question and the people around them who love them and want to see them become all that they can be.

Researching and reading up on any step that you are about to take always ensures that you are more confident to face any challenges ahead.

For that reason, we give you what we consider the top 6 most difficult courses to study in Nigeria.

These courses are classified as difficult for a variety of reasons from the length of time it takes one to complete their study in them to the number of professional exams that a person may actually face in the course of becoming a true professional in the field.

Top Six Most Difficult Courses to Study in Nigerian University

1.Medicine

The fact that it involves human life makes it even more challenging; it takes a longer number of years than any other course in Nigeria before they are tagged qualified as it deals with human life, the students are compelled to read heavy-weighted textbooks and they engage in reading almost all the time.

Passing MBBS is another ball game and includes courses like Anatomy, Biochemistry, Physiology, this poses a lot of worry to medical students; most of them even go for a Thanksgiving service when they eventually pass.

Medicine as a course requires a lot of commitment from the student considering the length of the courses and examinations involved.

2.Engineering

As the name implies involves designing.

“Engine students” as they are fondly called take wide range of courses in engineering faculty including petroleum engineering, civil engineering, electric and electronic engineering and host of others before they even get to the point of handling courses specified for their department, and of course there are lots of professional exams to go through before one is qualified as a professional engineer to practice in Nigeria.

3.Chemistry

This may sound easy and more fun when viewed from practical sense but in a more academic sense, it involves a lot of math and physics making it more challenging to study. It involves nomenclature, reactions, stoichiometry, molarity and thermochemistry and host of others.

4.Law

This requires a lot of skills and hard work.

Law students read a lot of written materials and must comprehend, and accurately recall legal provisions and use the relevant law in new situations.

They must be able to take a logical,approach and apply knowledge to factual situations. It also involves the length of time, courses and examinations while in school and after school before one could practice as a professional.

5.Mathematics and Statistics

At first, when applying for this course, you could think it will be easier to deal with but it will interest you to know that abstract maths is not that easy.

It is not just about being good at calculations; it involves estimations, calculus, geometrics and host of others.

It is important that you know that you may deal with calculations all through your stay in the institution.

6.Architecture

This is one of the most complex courses in the faculty of environmental sciences to study.

A lot of time, people look at it as a very easy course involving only the act of drawing, it is important to know that it involves much more than mere drawing and designing.

On graduation, they are faced with lots of professional exams before they are able to practice as a professional.

Monday, 19 March 2018

LIST OF UNIVERSITIES ACCEPT SECOND CHOICE

This universities that accept second choice don't have much candidates that applied for admission.been offer admission in this univerties is easy because there is not much candidates that applied for admission.
HERE IS LIST OF FEDERAL UNIVERTIES
1. FEDERAL UNIVERSITY,OYE EKITI
2. FEDERAL UNIVERSITY DUTSE, JIGAWA STATE ,
3. FEDERAL UNIVERSITY BIRNIN KEBBI
4. FEDERAL UNIVERSITY DUTSENMA, KATSINA
STATE
5. FEDERAL UNIVERSITY GASHUA, YOBE STATE.
6. FEDERAL UNIVERSITY GUSAU, ZAMFARA STATE.
7. FEDERAL UNIVERSITY LAFIA, NASARAWA STATE
8. FEDERAL UNIVERSITY LOKOJA.
9. FEDERAL UNIVERSITY KASHERE, GOMBE STATE.
10. FEDERAL UNIVERSITY NDIFU-ALIKE, EBONYI STATE.
11. FEDRAL UNIVERSITY OTUOKE, BAYELSA
STATE.
12. FEDERAL UNIVERSITY WUKARI, TARABA STATE
13. 1. UNIVERSITY OF MAIDUGURI, BORNO
Here is state universities accept second choice
1. ABIA STATE UNIVERSITY, UTURU. ABIA
2. ADAMAWA STATE UNIVERSITY, MUBI,
ADAMAWA
3. AKWA IBOM STATE UNIVERSITY, IKOT-
AKPADEN AKWA-IBOM
4. ANAMBRA STATE UNIVERSITY, ULI ANAMBRA
5. ABUBAKAR TAFAWA BALEWA UNIVERSITY,
BAUCHI BAUCHI
6. CROSS RIVERS UNIVERSITY OF
TECHNOLOGY, CALABAR
CROSS-RIVER
is left for you choose the one you preferred.

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